Journal Articles

Adhikari et al. (2018) Technical efficiency of hybrid maize production in eastern terai of Nepal: A stochastic frontier approach. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources (2018) 1(1): 189-196

Agrawal, S., Kumar, S., Singh, D., Dutta, S., & Kumar, S. (2019). Growth and yield enhancement of rabi maize through identification of best timing for herbicide application. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 7 (4).

Apurba et al. (2017) Effect of conservation agriculture based rice- wheat systems on sheath blight and spot blotch diseases in eastern India. Journal of Mycopathol. Rese 54(4): 543-545

Bandyopadhyay, S., Sharma, A., Sahoo, S., Dhavala, K., & Sharma, P. (2021). Potential for Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) in South Bihar, India. Sustainability, 13 (6).

Bell, R., Haque, M., Jahiruddin, M., Rahman, M., Begum, M., Miah, M., Islam, M.A., Hossen, M.A., Salahin, N., Zahan, T., Hossain, M.M., Alam, M.K., & Mahmud, M. (2019). Conservation Agriculture for rice-based intensive cropping by smallholders in the Eastern Gangetic Plain. Agriculture, 9 (1).

Brown, P. R., Anwar, M., Hossain, S., Islam, R., Siddquie, N.-E.-A., Rashid, M., … Tiwari, T. P. (2021). Application of innovation platforms to catalyse adoption of conservation agriculture practices in South Asia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 0(0), 1–24.

Brown, B., Karki, E., Sharma, A., Suri, B., & Chaudhary, A. (2021). Herbicides and Zero Tillage in South Asia: Are we creating a gendered problem? Outlook on Agriculture, (1–9).

Brown, B., Paudel, G.P. & Krupnik, T.J. (2021). Visualising adoption processes through a stepwise framework: A case study of mechanisation on the Nepal Terai. Agricultural Systems, 192.

Brown, B., Samaddar, A., Singh, K., Leipzig, A., Kumar, A., Kumar, P., Singh., D, Malik, R., Craufurd, P., Kumar, V., McDonald, A. (2021) Understanding decision processes in becoming a fee-for-hire service provider: a case study on direct seeded rice in Bihar, India. Rural Studies Volume 87, Pages 254-266, [Video Abstract: ]

Brown, B; Sharma, A; Karki, E; Chaudhary, A (Accepted) ‘From plot to people’ – a pilot photovoice exploration of the livelihood strategies that farmers apply to benefit from the time and financial savings of Zero Tillage adoption in South Asia. Journal of South Asian Development.

Chaki et al. (2021) Conservation agriculture enhances the rice-wheat system of the Eastern Gangetic Plains in some environments, but not in others. Field Crops Research

Chaki et al. (2021) Puddled and zero-till unpuddled transplanted rice are each best suited to different environments–An example from two diverse locations in the Eastern Gangetic Plains of Bangladesh. Field Crops Research

Chakraborty et al. (2021) Plant disease dynamics vis-a vis conservation agriculture. J.Mycol.Pathol.Res.58(4):221-227

Chaudhary, A: Timsina, P; Suri, B; Karki, E; Sharma, A; Sharma, R; Brown, B (2022) Experiences With Conservation Agriculture in the Eastern Gangetic Plains: Farmer Benefits, Challenges, and Strategies That Frame the Next Steps for Wider Adoption. Frontiers in Agronomy

Chaudhary, A: Timsina, P; Suri, B; Karki, E; Sharma, A; Sharma, R; Brown, B (Under Review) Farmer Logic for Negative Evaluation of Conservation Agriculture in South Asia. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

Coggins, S., McCampbell, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, R., Haefele, S., Karki, E., Hetherington, J., Smith, J., Brown., B (2022) How have smallholder farmers made digital extension tools useful? Developer and user voices across Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Journal Global Food Security.

Dahal, H., Karki, M., Jackson, T. & Panday, D. (2020). New State Structure and Agriculture Governance: A Case of Service Delivery to Local Farmers in the Eastern Gangetic Plains of Nepal. Agronomy, 10 (12).

Das et al. (2016) Characterization of research nodes: An integrative approach through indexing. Int. J. of Bio-resource & Stress management

Dutta, S. K., Laing, A. M., Kumar, S., Gathala, M. K., Singh, A. K., Gaydon, D. S., & Poulton, P. (2020). Improved water management practices improve cropping system profitability and smallholder farmers’ incomes. Agricultural Water Management, 242(June), 106411.

Gathala, M. K., Laing, A. M., Tiwari, T. P., Timsina, J., Rola-Rubzen, F., Islam, S., Rashid, M., Hossain, I., Hossain, A., Brown, B., & Gerard, B. (2021). Improving smallholder farmers’ gross margins and labor-use efficiency across a range of cropping systems in the Eastern Gangetic Plains. World Development, 138, 105266.

Gathala, M.K., Laing, A.M., Tiwari, T.P., Timsina, J., Islam, S., Chowdhury, K., Chattopadhyay, C., Singh, A.K., Bhatt, B.P., Shrestha, R., Barma, N.C.D., Rana, S., Jackson, T.M., & Gerard, B. (2020). Enabling smallholder farmers to sustainably improve their food, energy and water nexus while achieving environmental and economic benefits. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 120.

Gathala, M.K., Laing, A.M., Tiwari, T.P., Timsina, J., Islam, S., Bhattacharya, P.M., Dhar, T., Ghosh, A., Sinha, A.K., Chowdhury, A.K., Hossain, S., Hossain, I., Molla, S., Rashid, M., Kumar, S., Kumar, R., Dutta, S.K., Srivastwa, P.K., Chaudhary, B., Jha, S.K., Ghimire, P., Bastola, B., Chaubey, R.K., Kumar, U., & Gérard, B. (2020). Energy-efficient, sustainable crop production practices benefit smallholder farmers and the environment across three countries in the Eastern Gangetic Plains, South Asia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 246.

Haque, M., & Bell, R. (2019). Partially mechanized non-puddled rice establishment: on-farm performance and farmers’ perceptions. Plant Production Science, 22(1).

Hoque, M. A., Gathala, M. K., Hossain, M. M., Ziauddin, A. T. M., & Krupnik, T. J. (2021). Modified strip tillage blades for two-wheel tractor seed drills improves maize crop establishment under conservation agriculture. Development Engineering, 6, 100061.

Islam S., Gathala, M.K., Tiwari, T.P., Timsina, J., Laing, A.M., Maharjan, S., Chowdhury, A.K., Bhattacharya, P.M., Dhar, T., Mitra. B., Kumar, S., Srivasta, P.K., Dutta, K.S., Shrestha, R., Manandhar, S., Shrestha, S.R., Paneru, P., Siddiquie, N., Hossain, A., Islam, R., Ghosh, A.K., Rahman, M.A., Kumar, U., Rao, K.K., & Gérard, B. (2019). Conservation agriculture for sustainable intensification: An opportunity to increase crop, system yields and water productivity for smallholders of the Eastern Gangetic Plain. Field Crop Research, 238 (February), 1–17.

Jat, M.L., Chakraborty, D., Ladha, J.K., Rana, D.S., Gathala, M.K., McDonald, A., & Gerard, B. (2020). Conservation agriculture for sustainable intensification in South Asia. Nature Sustainability, 3(4), 336–343.

Karki, E; Chaudhary, A; Timsina, P; Sharma, R; Leipzig, A; Sharma, A; Brown, B (Under Review) Does Gender Influence the evaluation of Conservation Agriculture in South Asia? Gender, Technology and Development (Submitted June 2022)

Karki, E; Sharma, A; Chaudhary, A: Timsina, P; Brown, B (Under Review) Understanding why South Asian smallholder farmers do not progress from interest to use: A case study of Conservation Agriculture. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

Karki, E; Sharma, A; Brown, B (2021) Farm Mechanization in Nepal: Policy Context, Drivers and Options. Journal of International Development.

Kumari, A., Kumar, S., Ghosh, M., Chandini, Dutta, S., Kumar, V., Pradhan, A.K., & Behera, S. (2020). Effect of Tillage, Sowing Time and Irrigation Levels on Nutrient Uptake and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 9(3).

Llewellyn, R., & Brown, B. (2020). Predicting Adoption of Innovations by Farmers: What is Different in Smallholder Agriculture? Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 42, 100–112.

Miah, M., Haque, M., & Bell, R. (2019). Impact of multicrop planter business on service providers’ livelihood improvement in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 44(3).

Mitra, Biplab et al. (2018) Unpuddled transplanting: a productive, profitable and energy efficient establishment technique in rice under Eastern sub-Himalayan plains.. Oryza 2018 Vol.55 No.3 pp.459-466

Mitra et al. (2018) Herbicides options for effective weed management in zero-till maize. . Indian Journal of Weed Science, 50(2): 137-141.

Mitra, B., Bhattacharya, P., Sinha, A., Chatterjee, R., & Chowdhury, A. (2020). Zero Tillage Technology in Jute Cultivation: A Successful Venture in West Bengal. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 9(5).

Mojid, M. A., & Mainuddin, M. (2021). Water-Saving Agricultural Technologies: Regional Hydrology Outcomes and Knowledge Gaps in the Eastern Gangetic Plains — A Review. Water, 13, 1–28.

Rola-Rubzen et al. (2020) Improving Gender Participation in Agricultural Technology Adoption in Asia: From Rhetoric to Practical Action, . Applied Economics Perspectives and Policy 42(1)

Sankar et al. (2020). Effect of seed rate and N application rate in wheat blast resistant genotype BHU 35 under zero till condition. Journal of Cereal Research, 12(3):338-341

Sharma, A; Timsina, P; Chaudhary, A; Karki, E; Brown, B (Under Review) Expanding Zero Tillage Service Provision: perspectives from machinery owners in the Eastern Gangetic Plains. Environment, Development and Sustainability

Sharma, P., Verma, A., Sharma, A., Verma, P., & Bandyopadhyay, S. (2022). An Integrated Site Selection Criterion for Aquifer Storage and Recovery. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 148(5).

Sinha, A., Ghosh, A., Dhar, T., Bhattacharya, P., Mitra, B., Rakesh, S., Paneru, P., Shrestha, S.R., Manandhar, S., Beura, D.K., Dutta, S., Pradhan, A.K., Rao, K.K., Hossain, A., Siddiquie, N., Molla, M.S.H., Chaki, A.K., Gathala, M.K., Islam, M.S., Dalal, R.C., Gaydon, D.S., Laing, A.M., & Menzies, N. (2019). Trends in key soil parameters under conservation agriculture-based sustainable intensification farming practices in the Eastern Ganga Alluvial Plains. Soil Research, 57(8), 883–893.

Srivastava, S. K., Kishore, A., & Singh, J. (2021). Economic access to groundwater irrigation under alternate energy regimes in Bihar. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 2021, 111–119.

Subedi, R., Karki, M., & Panday, D. (2020). Food System and Water – Energy – Biodiversity Nexus in Nepal: A Review. Agronomy, 10, 1–19.

Suri, B; Timsina, P; Brown, B; Karki, E; Chaudhary, A; Sharma, A; Sharma, R, Gartaula, H (Under Review) Farmers’ Experience of Weed Management under Conservation Agriculture: Insights from the Eastern Gangetic Plains of South Asia. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Thingbaizam, L., Ghosh, A., & Das, K. (2019). Differential pattern in labour use on male vs female managed farms and its economic consequences: a case study from Manipur, India. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 32(1).

Timsina, P; Sharma, A; Karki, E; Chaudhary, A; B, Suri; Sharma, R; Brown, B (Under Review) Necessity as a driver of bending agricultural gender norms in the Eastern Gangetic Plains of South Asia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability.

Verma, A., & Sharma, P. (2022). Aquifer Storage and Recovery Feasibility Study With Flowing Fluid Electrical Conductivity Logging in Shallow Aquifers of South Bihar, India. Frontiers in Water, 3.

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Woltering, L., del Refugio Boa Alvarado, M., Stahl, J., van Loon, J., Ortiz Hernández, E., Brown, B., Kumar Gathala, M., Thierfelder, C., Woltering, L., del Refugio Boa Alvarado, M., Stahl, J., van Loon, J., Ortiz Hernández, E., Brown, B., Kumar Gathala, M., & Thierfelder, C. (2022). Capacity development for scaling conservation agriculture in smallholder farming systems in Latin America, South Asia, and Southern Africa: exposing the hidden levels. Knowledge Management for Development Journal.

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Book Chapters

Araüjo, A., Sims, B., Desbiolles, J., Bolonhezi, D., Haque, E., He, J., Abdalla Fayad, J., Kienzle, J., Wildner, L., Li, H., Zanella, M., El-Gharras, O., Bell, R., Peiretti, R., Mkomwa, S., Duiker, S., & Friedrich, T. (2020). Status of mechanization in Conservation Agriculture systems. In A. Kassam (Ed.), Advances in Conservation Agriculture Volume 1: Systems and Science.


Darbas, T., Brown, P., Das, K., Datt, R., Kumar, R., Pradhan, K. & Rola-Rubzen, F. (2020). The Feminization of Agriculture on the Eastern Gangetic Plains Implications for Rural Development. In Bihar: Crossing Boundaries. Delhi: Primus Books.


Dixon et al. (2020) Socioeconomic Impacts of Conservation Agriculture based Sustainable Intensification (CASI) with particular reference to South Asia, in Dang Y.P., Dalal R.C., Menzies N.W. (eds), No-till Farming Systems for Sustainable Agriculture, pp377-394, Springer, Cham. (ISBN: 978-3-030-46408-0 (print); 978-3-030-46409-7.